Dating utrecht netherlands

The subsequent Dutch revolt led to splitting the Burgundian Netherlands into a Catholic French and Dutch-speaking "Spanish Netherlands" (approximately corresponding to modern Belgium and Luxembourg), and a northern "United Provinces", which spoke Dutch and were predominantly Protestant with a Catholic minority. In the Dutch Golden Age, which had its zenith around 1667, there was a flowering of trade, industry, the arts and the sciences.A rich worldwide Dutch empire developed and the Dutch East India Company became one of the earliest and most important of national mercantile companies based on entrepreneurship and trade.After an initially conservative period, in the 1848 constitution the country became a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch.

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The Netherlands was neutral during the First World War, but during the Second World War, it was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany.After the collapse of Napoleon in 1813–15, an expanded "United Kingdom of the Netherlands" was created with the House of Orange as monarchs, also ruling Belgium and Luxembourg.The King imposed unpopular Protestant reforms on Belgium, which revolted in 1830 and became independent in 1839.To the west, the same tribes might have built hunting camps to hunt winter game, including seals.Agriculture arrived in the Netherlands somewhere around 5000 BC with the Linear Pottery culture, who were probably central European farmers.